Home Improvement Expert Danny Lipford

Can I Plant Trees and Shrubs in Late Fall or Winter?


Shrubs in containers ready for planting.

We just bought some shrubs at a late fall sale. Can we plant them now, or should we try to store them until spring? -Dee

Go ahead and plant them. Even though it’s late in the season, your shrubs will be happier in the ground than in pots. Ideally, trees and shrubs need about a month to establish roots before a heavy freeze, but it’s actually OK to plant them anytime the ground is workable, and many bare-root trees and shrubs are planted in very early spring while they’re still dormant.

I’ve planted well into December with success, though the plantings looked pretty pitiful until the weather warms up in the spring.

Here are a few tips for seeing your late-season plantings through the winter:

  • Avoid stimulating growth: Don’t fertilize or overly amend the soil. You can add a little compost and bone meal (to stimulate root growth), but hold off on fertilizer until spring.
  • Don’t disturb the plant: Avoid pruning, and be very gentle with the roots while planting. The shrub won’t have time to recover from damage, and it’s going to be stressed enough as it is.
  • Keep plants watered: The worst part of cold damage is caused by desiccation, or drying out. Keep new shrubs watered every week or two until the ground freezes, and especially right before a heavy freeze.
  • Watch out for frost heaving: Make sure the plants stay firmly plants when the ground freezes.
  • Apply Mulch: Add mulch to keep newly planted shrubs insulated. If you’re planting cold-sensitive trees or shrubs, you can add extra protection by wrapping or banking the plants with burlap or leaves on cold nights. Be sure to uncover in the morning.

If the ground is frozen solid and unworkable, you can store unplanted shrubs in a sheltered spot with a southern exposure. Bank with leaves or mulch to keep them insulated and water every few days. When growth starts in early spring, prune away any damaged branches, shape up your plants, feed with a balanced organic fertilizer, and they should recover nicely.

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4 Comments on “Can I Plant Trees and Shrubs in Late Fall or Winter?”

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  1. william Binns Says:
    December 22nd, 2014 at 11:00 am

    Hi julie,
    I have been on your web site in regards to late shrub planting, i have just planted a laurel hedge row and want to plant flowering small shrub inbetween so they can mingle with the laurel as they grow .I am an ametuer gardener having just retired. i find the gardening interesting, can you suggest a flowering shrub I can use now, i hope you have time to give me some advise.
    merry xmas.
    W P Binns

  2. Gary Deyling Says:
    January 5th, 2015 at 12:40 pm

    In Raleigh, nc can I plant a 3 gallon pink delight butter fly bush in Jaurary? Thank you.

  3. Betsy Noland Says:
    August 20th, 2015 at 2:46 pm

    I live in Lexington, KY and would like to plant a few shrubs in my back yard under a large oak tree. There is so little sun on this area – I’m wondering what kind of shrub would be best to purchase/plant.

  4. Linda Trammel Says:
    October 11th, 2015 at 6:09 pm

    Hello. I live in SW Oklahoma. In front of my front porch I have planted several candytuft plants in among rocks. I took the advise of a video and pruned off the white clusters of flowers in late spring and since that time they have not bore any white flowers at all. This has been very disappointing because I love the blooms. Otherwise they have been nice and green and have grown but no flowers! What did I do wrong? Thank you.

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